Geology Cafe

Subject Index:

3D Geology of National Parks and Other Public Spaces

Please note! This website is undergoing revision.

Below is a selected list of links to geologic and landscape features in national parks. This subject list links to only "selected" images within the 3Dparks website. There may be many other examples of "topic"-oriented photos within the 3Dparks website.

(Hit the "back" key to return to this list.) Note: search the Thumbnail Gallery Index for more images!

Igneous Rocks
granite [1],[2],[3]
rhyolite(tuff) [1]
basalt [1],[2],[3]

Sedimentary Rocks
conglomerate [1],[2]
breccia [1]
cross-bedded sandstone [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]
sandstone [1],[2],[3],[4]
shale and mudstone [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
limestone (and dolomite) [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]
ribbon chert [1],[2]
travertine [1],[2]
gypsum [1],[2]
salt [1],[2]
layered sedimentary rocks [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13],[14]

Metamorphic Rocks
marble [1],[2],[3]
greenstone [1]
schist [1]
serpentinite [1],[2],[3],[4]
gneiss [1],[2]
migmatite (gneiss) [1]

Volcanic Features
cinder cones [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]
flowing "red hot" lava [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6]
lava flows [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]
-- a'a flow [1],[2],[3],[4]
-- pahoe'hoe flow [1],[2],[3]
lava tubes [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11]
shield cones [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7]
spatter cones [1],[2],[3]
stratovolcanoes [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11]
craters and calderas [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9]
volcanic fissure [1]
ancient volcanic flows [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]
ancient volcanic mountains [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]
igneous pluton [1],[2]
pillow basalt [1],[2],[3]
columnar basalt [1],[2],[3]
dikes and sills [1],[2],[3]
hot springs [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]
geysers [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
steam vents and fumerols [1],[2],[3]

Tectonic Features
folds [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
joints and fractures [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7]
dome (Upheaval Dome) [1]
flat-lying strata [1]
steeply-dipping strata [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11]
fracture zones [1],[2],[3],[4]
surficial expression of faults [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9]
fault scarps [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7]
sag ponds [1],[2],[3],[4]
offset streams [1]
fault creep [1]
mountain front faults [1],[2]
rugged mountain range [1],[2],[3],[4]
angular unconformities [1],[2],[3],[4]
nonconformity [1],[2],[3]

Weathering and Mass Wasting
landslides and slumps [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6]
rock falls [1],[2],[3]
avalanche chutes [1],[2],[3],[4]
talus slopes [1],[2],[3],[4]
mudflow and debris flow deposits [1]
weathering bedrock [1],[2]
spheroidal weathering [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
tafoni (weathering) [1],[2],[3],[4]
tree roots spliting rocks [1]
badlands [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13],[14]

Glacier Landforms
mountain glaciers [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10]
U-shaped valley [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
arete (serrate ridge) [1],[2],[3]
glacial lakes [1],[2]
snow pack (recent) [1],[2]
channeled scablands (Grand Coulee) [1],[2],[3],[4]

Coastal Landforms
beaches [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]
coastal dunes [1],[2]
estuaries and marshlands [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
sea cliffs [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11]
sea stacks [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9]
sea cave [1]
headlands [1],[2],[3],[4]
marine terraces [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
tide pools [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
coastal erosion repairs [1],[2]
beach cobbles [1]
driftwood-covered beach [1]

Stream Valley Landforms
stream channel [1],[2]
stream channel erosion[1],[2]
stream gravel bar [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9]
braided stream [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
mountain stream [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6]
cascades and waterfalls [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9]
stream terraces [1],[2],[3]
deep canyons [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13],[14],[15],[16],[17],[18],[19],[20],[21]
slot canyons [1],[2],[3]

Desert Landscape Features
alluvial fans [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7]
playas [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7]
dunes [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7]
natural bridges and arches [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9]
balanced rocks and pinnacles [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13],[14],[15],[16],[17],[18]
pediments [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
erosional escarpments [1],[2],[3],[4]
mesa and buttes [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7]
oasis and springs [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]
waterpockets (tanks) [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6]
desert varnish [1]
salt flats [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6]
dry lake shorelines [1]
tufa towers [1]
desiccation cracks [1]
saline lakes [1],[2]
desert storm [1],[2],[3]

Caverns and Karst Landscape Features
cavern entrances [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6]
cave passages [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9]
domes and pits [1],[2],[3]
springs [1],[2],[3]
sinkholes [1],[2]
stalagmites, stalactite, columns [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9]
helictites [1]
soda straws [1]
travertine flowstone [1],[2],[3]
cave earth (terra cotta) [1]
breakdown (collapse) [1]
boulder cave [1],[2]
karst weathering [1]

Weather
Orographic cloud [1]

Forests and Plant Communities

tropical rain forest (Hawaii) [1],[2],[3],[4]
fern tree [1]
coastal redwoods [1],[2],[3]
alpine coniferous forests [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6]
ponderosa pine forest [1],[2]
coastal rain forests [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
coastal wetlands [1]
subalpine pine forest [1]
deciduous forest (Midwest) [1]
sagebrush desert [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7]
Chihuahuan Desert communities [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7]
Colorado Plateau upland Ponderosa pine forest and shrublands [1],[2],[3],[4]
Pinyon pine and juniper forest [1],[2]
mountain meadow with sunflowers [1]
Mojave desert cactus [1]
Riparian (desert river floodplain) [1],[2],[3]
Chaparral shrublands [1]
grassland prairie (Coastal Ranges) [1],[2],[3]
tropical desert (Hawaii) [1],[2]
saguaro cactus forest [1],[2]
Hawaiian palms ,[1],[2],[3]
desert palm groves [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
cholla cactus garden [1],[2],[3]
joshua tree forest [1],[2],[3]
ocotillo patch [1],[2]
yucca family plants [1],[2],[3],[4]
agave [1]
smoke trees [1]
arrow weed (Devils Cornfield) [1],[2]
pinyon pine and juniper forest [1],[2],[3],[4]
oak forest (Coastal Ranges) [1],[2],[3]
manzanita shrub forest [1],[2]
bay laurel grove [1],[2],[3]
cottonwoods grove [1]
tamarisk covering a floodplain [1],[2]
spring wildflowers [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
date palm orchard [1]
wildfire on dry wetlands [1]
petrified wood [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6]
lava trees [1]
tree mold in lava [1]

Animals
rattlesnakes [1]
garter snake [1]
tarantula [1],[2]
shore birds [1],[2]
elephant seals [1]
bison [1]
bear cubs [1]
beaver dam [1]
Hawaiian goose [1]
bighorn sheep [1]
horses [1]
donkey [1]
mules [1],[2],[3]
man on horse (historic) [1]
man with rifle (historic) [1]
museum wildlife diaramas [1]
whale skull [1]
rhinoceros skull [1]
fossils [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]

Native and Prehistoric Cultures
Petroglyphs and Pictographs [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12]
Southwest archeological sites [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13]
Hawaiian archeological sites [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
Mortar grinding holes [1]

Man-Made Features
20-mule team wagon [1],[2]
gold mine (abandoned) [1],[2]
iron mine (abandoned) [1]
mecury mine (abandoned) [1],[2],[3],[4]
lead mine (abandoned) [1]
silver mine (abandoned) [1]
rock quarry (abandoned) [1]
limestone quarry [1]
charcoal kilns (historic) [1],[2]
lighthouses [1],[2],[3],[4]
observatory [1]
buildings (historic) [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8]
trains [1],[2]
tunnels [1]
bridges [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
dams [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7]
San Francisco [1],[2],[3]
Seattle [1],[2]

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Delicate Arch, Arches National Park Canyon de Chelly (Powell Survey, 1875) A Joshua tree, Mojave National Preserve Economic Geyser, Yellowstone National Park Dead Horse Point, Utah Deer Creek Falls, Grand Canyon National Park
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Last modified 3/18/2010