Geology Cafe

Introduction to Geology

Quiz 1 - The "Big Picture"

1. What are the three types of rocks?
a. igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic.
b. minerals, soils, and rocks.
c. weathering, transportation, and deposition.
d. igneous, sedimentary, and molten.

2. What is the name of the theory that states "the physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate today have also operated in the geologic past."
a. hypothesis
b. superposition
c. uniformitarianism
d. historical geology
e. catastrophism

3. Which of the following is the definition of geology?
a. The science of soils.
b. The study of minerals.
c. The study of the Earth.
d. The study of fossils.

4. What is the outermost layer of the solid Earth.
a. the atmosphere
b. the hydrosphere
c. the mantle
d. the crust
e. the core

5. Current estimates put the age of the Earth at about:
a. 13.8 billion years
b. 11,000 thousand years
c. 6,000 years
d. 4.55 million years
e. 4.55 billion years

6. The overall goal of science is:
a. to create better technology.
b. to develop hypotheses and theories.
c. to discover the origins of humans.
d. to find the origin of the universe.
e. to discover underlying patterns in the natural world.

7. Which of the following is a well-tested and widely accepted view that best explains certain observable facts?
a. theory
b. scientific method
c. rule
d. hypothesis

e. observation

8. The Asteroid Belt is located between:
a. Venus and Earth.
b. Earth and Mars.
c. Mars and Jupiter.
d. Jupiter and Saturn.
e. Uranus and Nepture.

9. Earth's physical environment is divided into three major parts.
a. the solid earth, the core, and the mantle.
b. the surface, the atmosphere, and space.
c. the hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere.
d. the Arctic, the desert, and the forest.
e. the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere.

10. An object that enters the atmosphere and explodes with great force is called a:
a. galaxy.
b. comet.
c. asteroid.
d. bollide.
e. meteorite.

Extra Credit:
(on the back of the page)
Name the nine planets in correct order from the sun outward. Next to the name, put an "M" if it has moons, an "A" if it has an atmosphere.